Clicker2 for PIC32MX: now with direct Arduino IDE programming

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Recently the v1.3.1 version of the chipKIT-core was released by the chipKIT team. As a novelty, this release adds direct support for the MikroElektronika bootloader in Arduino IDE, as well as better integration of the Clicker2 for PIC32MX board. Yes, that’s right! The Clicker2 for PIC32MX can now be programmed in Arduino IDE, just like any other Arduino board.

This article is more than two years old and might contain obsolete information; it is still kept here for informational purposes.

If you remember my older blog posts, I have managed to find a way to use the Clicker2 in Arduino IDE, but with a cumbersome solution, that needed the replacement of the bootloader and an extra USB-UART click. That old solution has now become obsolete. The new way is simpler, doesn’t require any other external components, and it works just right out of the box.

However, switching from the ubiquitous Arduino boards to MikroElektrokina hardware is not always easy. One important issue is how to address each pin from Arduino IDE. Well, here are some minor issues. I took my Clicker2 for PIC32MX and I have tried to find how the pins are numbered. Here’s what I came with:

Clicker2 for PIC32MX: Arduino IDE pinout

Clicker2 for PIC32MX: Arduino IDE pinout

A pdf version of the above figure, with a better resolution, can be downloaded here.

The novelty here is the pin numbering, matching that of the Clicker2 board. You will notice that some pin numbers are missing – there’s nothing wrong with this, it’s only to keep the matching I mentioned above.

But I have found also some minor issues: some analog pins are incorrectly defined. For example, to read the state of the AN pins of the click sockets you will have to use the pin number, without the “A” – like analogRead(69); for example.

Another thing is reading the battery voltage. If you look on the Clicker2 schematic, you’ll find that you have to set BATT SENSE ENABLE pin low before reading the BATTERY VOLTAGE pin. I do recommend to set the BATT SENSE ENABLE back high after the reading, as this will prevent discharging of the battery through the sensing resistors.

Clicker2 for PIC32MX Battery voltage sensing circuit

Clicker2 for PIC32MX Battery voltage sensing circuit

As for programming in Arduino IDE, all you need is to connect the Clicker2 board using the USB port. When uploading the sketch, when the *** Enter programming mode now. *** message appears on the screen you have to press the reset button on the Clicker2 board, This brings up the bootloader and the sketch can be uploaded. This is the only difference as compared with Arduino Uno boards. I also mention here that Serial.print() works using the USB port.

Another thing is that now the MikroElektronika Buggy becomes fully compatible with the Arduino IDE. Of course, an in-depth post regarding the new ways to program the Buggy will follow soon

Alternate pin names

A quick update on this post [3 November 2016]: As pointed out by Matt Jenkins from Majenko Technologies, there’s an alternate set of pin definitions for the Clicker2 board, the format being “PIN_xxx”, where “xxx” is the pin name (written on the board). The click sockets also have their own pin definitions, of type “PIN_Cy_xxx”.

If you prefer this way of addressing the pins, here’s an updated pin map:

Alternate pin names for Clicker2 for PIC32 MX

Alternate pin names for Clicker2 for PIC32 MX

A higher resolution of this pin chart in pdf format is also available for download.

As an example on how to use these pin definitions, take a look on how to make the LED1 on the Clicker board blink:

void setup() {
  pinMode(PIN_LED1, OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {
  digitalWrite(PIN_LED1, HIGH);
  delay(1000);
  digitalWrite(PIN_LED1, LOW);
  delay(1000);
}

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5 Comments

  1. Avatar
    Jean-Luc Deladrière on

    Hi Teodor
    It works fine !
    I found more convenient to use the onboard switch to enter bootloader mode : keeping the board off then on when the IDE asks “*** Enter programming mode now. ***”
    Thanks a lot for your PDF chart : It’s most necessary !

  2. Avatar

    The Clicker2 definitions in chipKIT-core have a huge number of handy macros defined in the form “PIN_xxx” where “xxx” is what is written on the board. Thus pin 34 can be referenced as PIN_RD0.

    For the “click” headers you have a slightly different format: PIN_Cy_xxx where y is 1 for the left and 2 for the right clicker header and, again, xxx is the name of the pin. So the analog pin on the left hand click socket is PIN_C1_AN

    The battery sense has three special defines: PIN_SENSEL, PIN_VSENSE and PIN_STAT for pins 89, 90 and 91 respectively (enable, sense, status).

    Makes it a bit easier to work out which pin is which, yes?

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